`Tibetanness` Under Threat? Neo-Integrationism, Minority Education and Career Strategies in Qinghai, P.R. China

`Tibetanness` Under Threat? Neo-Integrationism, Minority Education and Career Strategies in Qinghai, P.R. China

Description

In `Tibetanness` Under Threat?, Adrian Zenz pioneers an analysis of significant recent developments in Qinghai`s Tibetan education system. Presently, Tibetan students can receive native language education from primary to tertiary levels, while university minority departments offer Tibetan-medium majors from computer science to secretarial studies. However, positive developments are threatened by the dire career prospects of Tibetan-medium graduates. Tibetans view marketisation as the greatest threat to ethnocultural survival, with their young generation being lured into a Chinese education by superior employment prospects. But Zenz questions the easy equation of Tibetan education as `unselfish` ethnic preservation versus the Chinese route as egocentric careerism, arguing that the creative educational strategies of Tibetans in the Chinese education system are important for exploring and expressing new forms of `Tibetanness` in modern China.

Table of contents

Tibetanness Under Threat?......Page 4
Copyright......Page 5
Contents......Page 6
Acknowledgements......Page 10
Notes on Transliteration......Page 12
List of Figures......Page 14
Education, Market and Language......Page 18
Sinicisation, Hybridity and the End-of-Tibetanness......Page 26
Structure, Agency and Strategy in Minority Education......Page 30
TibetTibetanTibetanness......Page 36
Gauging Factions and Groupings Within the Educated Tibetan Community......Page 41
Contextualising the Fieldwork Setting......Page 48
Qinghais Ethnic Landscape......Page 53
Economic Developments, Market Reforms and the Employment Market......Page 59
Qinghais Tibetan Education Situation......Page 65
Introduction......Page 86
Minority Rights Part I: Legal Frameworks and Political Trends......Page 92
Chinese for Jobs: The Rising Force of Pragmatism......Page 96
Minority Rights Part II: Han Centre-Periphery Models Past and Present......Page 99
Wenming, Suzhi, Kexue: Cultural Control and Strategic Concealment......Page 102
Contradictory Harmony: Gauging the Core Tensions within the States Minority Work Approach......Page 105
Making History: The Tibetanisation of Tibetan Educationin Qinghai......Page 112
From Tibetanisation to Re-Tibetanisation......Page 128
Tibetanisation in the Midst of Adversity: An Analysis of Enabling Factors......Page 131
The 2010 Qinghai gangyao Educational Reform Initiative: Threat to Tibetan Education?......Page 134
QUN Campus Dynamics: Tibetan Worlds in the Midst of Integrationism......Page 138
Conclusions: Sinicisation Through Minority Education?......Page 143
Graduate Employment Statistics and Trends......Page 148
Examining Minority Graduate Employment......Page 164
Obligations, Anxieties, Preferences: The Significance of Formal Government Employment......Page 184
Corruption and Language in Government Recruitment Processes......Page 197
Conclusions: Career, Language and Ethnicity......Page 208
Learning My Mother Tongue: Education, Ethnicity and Language-Culture......Page 214
Facing Reality: Pragmatist Strategies and Chinese-Medium Careers......Page 218
Creative Approaches to the Dilemma: Track Mixing and Tibetan+......Page 224
The Ethnically-Concious Alternative: Venturing into Tibetan+......Page 231
Career and Tibetanness Between Isolation and Engagement......Page 236
Hybridity and Ethnic Authenticity......Page 244
Tibetanness, Purity and Mixing......Page 245
Authenticity and Linguistic Purity: The Case of Dawa......Page 253
Hybridity, Ambiguity and Confusion......Page 256
To Regret or To Not Regret? Dealing with In-Betweenness......Page 265
Conclusion: Digital Tibetanness, Instrumental-Primordialism, and the Battle Against Hybridity......Page 276
Tibetan Discourses of Tibetan Modernity......Page 282
Contrasting Perspectives on Tibetan Development......Page 287
The Function and Significance of Discourses of Tibetan Backwardness......Page 292
Religion as Science: The Significance of Buddhism-Science Discourses......Page 300
Modern Tibetanness: Concluding Thoughts......Page 305
9. Conclusions: Marketisation and the End-of-Tibetanness?......Page 314
Marketisation versus Protectionism: How Can Tibetanness Survive?......Page 319
Ethnicity versus Market: The Possibility of Ethnic Entrepreneurship......Page 323
Hybridisation: The Beginning of the End-of-Tibetanness?......Page 328
The Complex Way Ahead......Page 334
Appendix A Acronyms......Page 338
Appendix B Yearbook Data......Page 339
Bibliography......Page 344
Index......Page 356

Details

  • Author: Adrian Zenz
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
  • ISBN-13: 9789004257979
  • Pages: 358
  • Format: pdf
  • Size: 3.9M
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