Opening the Hidden Land: State Formation and the Construction of Sikkimese History

Opening the Hidden Land: State Formation and the Construction of Sikkimese History

Description

In this first monograph on the history of Sikkim, the author challenges traditional Sikkimese historiography to rigourous historical enquiry by comparing it to original seventeenth and eighteenth century sources and exposes the contradictions founds within traditional narrative traditions. This book highlights, not only, how and why traditional historiography was developed but also redefines contemporary knowledge of the history of Sikkimese state formation. The book touches on key themes such as Tibetan understandings of state, kingship and the role of Buddhism in justifying political administration as well as social stratification and the economy of pre-modern Sikkim. This book will undoubtedly prove useful to those working on the development of historical traditions and state entities in Tibet and the Himalaya.

Table of contents

Contents......Page 8
Acknowledgements......Page 12
Note on Orthography......Page 18
List of Abbreviations......Page 20
List of Illustrations......Page 22
Chapter One Introduction......Page 26
1. Early Inhabitation of Sikkim and the Lepcha Migrations......Page 30
2. Gter ma and the Identification of Sikkim......Page 34
3. History, Narrative and Myth......Page 37
4. State, Nation and Nationalism......Page 44
5. Legitimacy and Tibetan Religio-Political Theories of State and Governance......Page 48
6. A Guide to the Sources......Page 52
7. The Chapters......Page 55
1. Introduction to the Sources......Page 58
2. The Tibetan Migration Narrative......Page 61
3. State Formation Narratives......Page 68
4. Conclusions and Context......Page 73
4.1. Final Remarks......Page 77
1. La sogs rgyal rabs......Page 80
2. The Origins, Settlement and State Formation of Sikkim......Page 88
2.1. Myth as History: Some Remarks on the Origins and Settlement of the Tibeto-Sikkimese......Page 89
3. State and Politics: Some Previously Unknown Events......Page 106
3.1. Rebellion and Reorganisation: Stratification in Early Sikkim......Page 109
4. Some Concluding Remarks......Page 111
Chapter Four Religion and Politics in Early Sikkim: The Case of Mnga bdag phun tshogs rig dzin......Page 114
1. The Mnga bdag rgyal rabs......Page 115
1.2. The Text in Detail......Page 117
2. Understanding the Text for the Study of Early Sikkimese History......Page 124
2.1. The Religious Lineage of Phun tshogs rig dzin......Page 126
2.2. Phun tshogs rig dzin and His Activities in Sikkim......Page 134
3. Conclusion......Page 137
Chapter Five Lha btsun chen po and the Formation of Sikkim......Page 140
1. The Early Life of Lha btsun chen po......Page 141
1.2. Lha btsun chen po in Sikkim......Page 147
2. The Coronation Conundrum......Page 158
3. Conclusion......Page 162
Chapter Six Revisiting the State and Political Formation of Early Sikkim......Page 164
1. The Lho Mon Gtsong gsum Agreement......Page 165
2. Contextualising Early Sikkim......Page 172
3. Territory and Expansion in Early Sikkim......Page 176
4. Socio-Economic and Political Organisation in Sikkim......Page 178
5. Conclusion......Page 183
Chapter Seven Bhutan, Sikkim and British India: The Arrival of Jigs med dpa bo and the Construction of Historical Narratives......Page 186
1. The War of Succession......Page 187
2. Jigs med dpa bo: Revival and Reform......Page 190
3. Sikkim in Trouble: The Construction of Historical Narratives......Page 198
3.1. Internal Turmoil: The Sikkimese Civil War (17341741)......Page 199
3.2. An Unresolved War: Sikkim, China and Nepal......Page 200
3.3. Anglo-Sikkimese Relations......Page 204
3.4. The Construction of Historical Narratives......Page 210
4. Conclusion......Page 212
Chapter Eight Conclusion: Remarks on Sikkimese State Formation and the Construction of Historical Narratives......Page 214
1. Historical Narratives and State Formation......Page 216
2. The Next Step: Towards Re-Evaluating Sikkimese History......Page 218
2.1. The State and its Expansion, the Aristocracy, Lepcha and Limbu History, and the British Period......Page 220
3. Final Remarks and a Word of Warning......Page 223
Appendices and Additional Materials......Page 226
Appendix One Chronology of Early Sikkim......Page 228
Appendix Two The Clans of Sikkim......Page 230
Appendix Three Population and Conflict in Early Sikkim......Page 235
Appendix Four The Royal Chronicle of La Sogs......Page 243
Appendix Five Mnga bdag rgyal rabs......Page 248
Appendix Six Excerpts from Lha bstun chen pos lam yig......Page 262
Appendix Seven The Lho Mon Gtshong Gsum Agreement......Page 265
Appendix Eight The Mon pai tho byang......Page 270
Tibetan References......Page 280
Western Language References......Page 285
Index......Page 296

Details

  • Author: Saul Mullard
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Publisher: Brill
  • ISBN-13: 9789004208957
  • Pages: 306
  • Format: pdf
  • Size: 3.2M
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