About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality

About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality

Description

This book considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, yesterday, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to whether the semantic reference point is already present as syntactic material or whether it is introduced post-syntactically by semantic rules of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy through an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker`s temporal location is specified in the syntactic structure. She supports her analysis with theoretical and empirical arguments based on data from English, Italian, Chinese, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses some difficult and longstanding issues in the analysis of temporal phenomena - including the Italian imperfect indicative, the properties of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the properties of Free Indirect Discourse - and shows that her framework can account elegantly for all of them. Carefully argued, succinct, and clearly written her book will appeal widely to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate level upwards and to linguists interested in the syntax-semantics interface.

Table of contents

Oxford U. Press - About the Speaker (2010) (ATTiCA)......Page 1
Contents......Page 6
General Preface......Page 9
Acknowledgements......Page 10
List of Abbreviations......Page 11
1.1 The issue......Page 12
1.2 The proposal......Page 18
1.3 The background......Page 19
1.4 The organization of this book......Page 22
2.1 Introduction......Page 23
2.2.1 The issue......Page 24
2.2.2 There is no optional Double Access Reading......Page 29
2.2.3 The Double Access Reading and Sequence of Tense......Page 30
2.2.4 A proposal on Sequence of Tense......Page 35
2.3.1 Temporal dependencies with the subjunctive......Page 42
2.3.2 The subjunctive and the DAR......Page 49
2.4 The left periphery and the speakers projection......Page 53
2.4.1 Complementizer Deletion: a description......Page 54
2.4.2 The representation of the speakers coordinate......Page 58
2.4.3 Temporal topics and other issues......Page 68
2.4.4 On Sequence of Tense: the role of Agree......Page 71
2.5 A remark on the morphology of the subjunctive......Page 72
2.6 Conclusion......Page 74
3.1 Introduction......Page 76
3.2 Epistemic heads in Italian......Page 77
3.2.1 The distribution of credo with topic and focus......Page 80
3.2.2 Further evidence in favour of a monoclausal structure: the distribution of francamente (frankly)......Page 83
3.2.3 The structural position of epistemic heads......Page 86
3.3.1 The distribution of dicono......Page 89
3.3.2 The structural position of evidential heads......Page 92
3.4 A brief remark on parentheticals......Page 96
3.5 Further issues: interrogatives and embedded contexts......Page 100
3.6 Conclusions......Page 106
4.1 Introduction......Page 107
4.2.1 The issue......Page 108
4.2.2 The imperfect as an indicative verbal form......Page 110
4.2.3 The interpretation of the imperfect -va- morpheme......Page 115
4.3 The imperfect and the subjunctive......Page 122
4.4 Is there an imperfect in English?......Page 124
4.5 Inside a dream......Page 131
4.6 What about languages with no tense?......Page 138
4.6.1 The speakers projection and long distance anaphors......Page 139
4.7 The future-in-the-past......Page 148
4.7.1 The issue......Page 149
4.7.2 Complementizer Deletion and long distance anaphors......Page 151
4.7.3 A proposal......Page 153
4.8 Summary and conclusion......Page 158
5.1 Introduction......Page 161
5.2 Dependencies from a future tense......Page 162
5.3 The distribution of temporal locutions......Page 165
5.3.1 Referential locutions......Page 166
5.3.2 Indexical temporal locutions......Page 169
5.3.3 Anaphoric temporal locutions......Page 174
5.4.1 DAR effects......Page 178
5.4.2 Towards an explanation of the distribution of temporal locutions......Page 183
5.5 Further speculations and conclusions......Page 190
6.1 Introduction......Page 193
6.2 Free Indirect Discourse: properties......Page 194
6.2.1 Pronouns......Page 198
6.2.2 Indexical temporal expressions......Page 201
6.2.3 The past tense......Page 206
6.3.1 Italian......Page 210
6.4.1 The distribution of the introducing predicate......Page 215
6.4.2 The syntactic structure......Page 218
6.5 Conclusion......Page 220
7 Concluding Remarks......Page 223
References......Page 225
D......Page 235
I......Page 236
P......Page 237
T......Page 238
V......Page 239
K......Page 240
Z......Page 241

Details

  • Author: Alessandra Giorgi
  • Edition: First Edition, First Printing
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN-13: 9780199571895, 9780199571901
  • Pages: 243
  • Format: pdf
  • Size: 1.3M
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