Abandoned Japanese in Postwar Manchuria: The Lives of War Orphans and Wives in Two Countries (Japan Anthropology Workshop Series)

Abandoned Japanese in Postwar Manchuria: The Lives of War Orphans and Wives in Two Countries (Japan Anthropology Workshop Series)

Description

This book relates the experiences of the zanryu-hojin - the Japanese civilians, mostly women and children, who were abandoned in Manchuria after the end of the Second World War when Japans puppet state in Manchuria ended, and when most Japanese who has been based there returned to Japan. Many zanryu-hojin survived in Chinese peasant families, often as wives or adopted children; the Chinese government estimated that there were around 13,000 survivors in 1959, at the time when over 30,000 "missing" people were deleted from Japanese family registers as" war dead". Since 1972 the zanryu-hojin have been gradually repatriated to Japan, often along with several generations of their extended Chinese families, the group in Japan now numbering around 100,000 people. Besides outlining the zanryu-hojins experiences, the book explores the related issues of war memories and war guilt which resurfaced during the 1980s, the more recent court case brought by zanryu-hojin against the Japanese government in which they accuse the Japanese government of abandoning them, and the impact on the towns in northeast China from which the zanryu-hojin were repatriated and which now benefit hugely from overseas remittances from their former residents. Overall, the book deepens our understanding of Japanese society and its anti-war social movements, besides providing vivid and colourful sketches of individuals worldviews, motivations, behaviours, strategies and difficulties.

Table of contents

Front Cover ......Page 1
Title Page ......Page 6
Copyright ......Page 7
Contents......Page 8
Foreword......Page 10
Preface......Page 12
Acknowledgements......Page 14
Japanese word list......Page 15
Chinese word list......Page 16
Individual informant list......Page 17
Family informant list......Page 19
Prologue......Page 20
Aims......Page 22
Gaps to bridge......Page 23
Working framework......Page 26
Methodology......Page 29
Scope and organization......Page 32
Part I Structures......Page 36
Colonial agricultural villages......Page 38
Soviet attack in August 1945......Page 40
The fate of women and children......Page 42
Repatriation during the Chinese Civil War......Page 44
Repatriation during the 1950s......Page 46
Politics of naming the group......Page 50
Summary......Page 52
Life in the rural Northeast......Page 53
Individual experiences......Page 56
Impacts of the cultural revolution......Page 59
PostMao countryside as emigrantsending society......Page 61
New overseas Chinese......Page 62
developments......Page 64
Summary......Page 67
State policies......Page 68
Nongovernmental support16......Page 75
A Chinese officials perspective......Page 76
A case study......Page 77
Repatriation vs migration......Page 78
Kinship and quarantor......Page 79
Blood test......Page 80
Citizenship law......Page 81
Summary......Page 82
Part II Families......Page 84
The Yamadas......Page 86
The Moritas......Page 91
The Nakajimas......Page 95
Summary......Page 102
Yuriko Sakamoto......Page 103
as household masters......Page 104
Ami Yamaguchi......Page 105
Peculiar way of healing family conflicts......Page 106
Desire/tension within a flexible citizen family......Page 107
Cosmopolitanism via Japanization......Page 109
Summary......Page 112
Discontent among older generations......Page 114
Schooling as wholeperson development......Page 117
Schooling for minority students......Page 118
Camping as moral education......Page 121
Interpreting the videotaping drama......Page 124
The myth of fiChina Dragon......Page 125
Remarks on the Zhulei case......Page 127
Summary......Page 128
Part III Negotiation......Page 130
Old and new qiaoxiang practices......Page 132
Fake orphans?......Page 134
Finding spouses in China......Page 137
Marriage as business......Page 141
Comparison with Fuqing practices......Page 143
On the fimarriage poblemf......Page 146
Why racketeerism is possible......Page 148
Summary......Page 151
The organization and its volunteers......Page 153
Insider volunteers: Sawako and Mariko......Page 156
Volunteers and activists in Ichodanchi......Page 158
Lifestyle choice/state manipulation/life politics/selfdirected force......Page 160
From activism to lawsuits7......Page 163
Results of the lawsuits......Page 168
Summary......Page 170
Transnationalization in East Asia......Page 172
Ethnic roots or desired routes?......Page 176
Negotiation......Page 180
Appendices......Page 184
1 Approaches to the study of......Page 187
4 Repatriation since 1972......Page 188
7 Generational tensions and personhoods developed in Japan......Page 189
9 Volunteerism and activism......Page 190
English......Page 191
Chinese......Page 198
Japanese......Page 199
Websites......Page 201
Index......Page 202

Details

  • Author: Yeeshan Chan
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN-10: 0415591813, 0203839331
  • ISBN-13: 9780415591812, 9780203839331
  • Pages: 204
  • Format: pdf
  • Size: 1.7M
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