3D Biometrics: Systems and Applications

3D Biometrics: Systems and Applications


Automatic personal authentication using biometric information is becoming more essential in applications of public security, access control, forensics, banking, etc. Many kinds of biometric authentication techniques have been developed based on different biometric characteristics. However, most of the physical biometric recognition techniques are based on two dimensional (2D) images, despite the fact that human characteristics are three dimensional (3D) surfaces. Recently, 3D techniques have been applied to biometric applications such as 3D face, 3D palmprint, 3D fingerprint, and 3D ear recognition. This book introduces four typical 3D imaging methods, and presents some case studies in the field of 3D biometrics. This book also includes many efficient 3D feature extraction, matching, and fusion algorithms. These 3D imaging methods and their applications are given as follows: - Single view imaging with line structured-light: 3D ear identification - Single view imaging with multi-line structured-light: 3D palmprint authentication - Single view imaging using only 3D camera: 3D hand verification - Multi-view imaging: 3D fingerprint recognition 3D Biometrics: Systems and Applications is a comprehensive introduction to both theoretical issues and practical implementation in 3D biometric authentication. It will serve as a textbook or as a useful reference for graduate students and researchers in the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, systems science, and information technology. Researchers and practitioners in industry and R&D laboratories working on security system design, biometrics, immigration, law enforcement, control, and pattern recognition will also find much of interest in this book.

Table of contents

Front Matter....Pages i-xii
Front Matter....Pages 1-1
Overview....Pages 3-17
3D Biometrics Technologies and Systems....Pages 19-33
Front Matter....Pages 35-35
3D Ear Acquisition System....Pages 37-50
Two Significant Characteristics in 3D Ear....Pages 51-68
3D Ear Feature Extraction and Recognition....Pages 69-81
Front Matter....Pages 83-83
3D Palmprint Capturing System....Pages 85-104
3D Information in Palmprint....Pages 105-133
3D Palmprint Classification by Global Features....Pages 135-152
Joint Line and Orientation Features in 3D Palmprint....Pages 153-167
Front Matter....Pages 169-169
3D Fingerprint Acquisition Device....Pages 171-194
3D Fingerprint Reconstruction....Pages 195-216
3D Fingerprint Identification System....Pages 217-230
Front Matter....Pages 231-231
The Principle of 3D Camera Imaging....Pages 233-256
3D Face Verification System....Pages 257-278
Book Review and Future Work....Pages 279-283
Back Matter....Pages 285-290


  • Author: David Zhang, Guangming Lu (auth.)
  • Edition: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York
  • ISBN-13: 9781461473992, 9781461474005
  • Pages: 291
  • Format: pdf
  • Size: 14.7M
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